Fresno, California, is one of the poorest regions in the United States and home to thousands of Mexican migrants who work as day laborers in the vineyards. In these fields, the indigenous community of San Miguel Cuevas, Oaxaca, organizes the celebration of Easter, the most important festival of the year that, since pre-Hispanic times, marks the beginning of spring and is represented with the Dance of the Devils, an adaptation of the colonial Dance of Moors and Christians in which the members of the community use masks to become characters that leave behind the hard life in the fields to celebrate their cultural heritage.

Some inhabitants of Fresno and other counties in the Central Valleys of California who come from Oaxacan indigenous communities like the Mixtecs of San Miguel Cuevas, call this region Oaxacalifornia, a mixture of their ancestral identity and their current reality.